- Empress Matilda (sometimes Maud or Maude; later Countess of Anjou and Lady of the English; February 1102 – 10 September 1167) was the daughter and dispossessed heir of Henry I of England . She was married to Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, and then to Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou , by whom she became the mother of Henry II of England.
Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England. Her failure to secure that rule meant that her undisputed period of reign in 1141 was extremely brief. She is often excluded from lists of English monarchs.
As many of her contemporaries or near contemporaries were also called Matilda in Latin texts, she is sometimes called Maude to distinguish her. This is merely a modernised spelling of the Norman-French form of her name, Mahaut.
Matilda was born in February (possibly the 7th or 11th) 1102 to Henry I of England and his wife Matilda of Scotland. Her maternal grandparents were Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Margaret was a daughter of Edward the Exile and granddaughter of Edmund II of England.
Her birth is generally said to have taken place at Winchester, though recent research by the late John Fletcher (1990) suggests it may have occurred at the royal palace at Sutton Courtenay in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire).
When Henry the V of the Holy Roman Empire died in 1125 Matilida's Father Henry Married her to to Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou.
Stephen King of England was first cousin to Matilda but was like a sister to Stephen as Stephen's father was killed in the Crusade of 1101 at battle of Ramla and Henry I raised Stephen.